Nicaragua is highly vulnerable to natural disasters both in the frequency of events as in the variety of sources that cause them. For a small country, this exposure to such diversity of disasters seems to be a rather exceptional condition: hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides and floods have affected Nicaragua leaving behind tremendous destruction, losses and sadness. Some of the major events that ocurred during the last 30 years are listed below:
- 1972 – Managua´s Earthquake: estimates are aprox. 10.000 dead and billions of dollars in damages, icluding total destruction of the Capital Managua.
- 1982 – Hurricane Alleta : 63 dead, estimated damages $60 million.
- 1988 – Hurricane Joan: 163 dead, estimated damages $90 million.
- 1992 – Earthquake-tsunami: 179 dead, mostly children.
- 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, 10.000 deaths, damage + US$1,5 million.
- 2007 – Hurricane Felix: 159 dead. Total destruction in Sandy Bay (Caribbean)
- 2010 – Tropical Storm Agatha: landslides, overflowing rivers, dozens of deaths, hundreds of thousands displaced, thousands of homes and infrastructure.
- 2011 – Low pressure center – serious damage on roads, landslides, floods, +3,000 persons affected.
What have we done?
ANF’s support during these disasters that usually affect the whole country, focuses on the immediate delivery of basic goods to alleviate the effects on the lives of the affected population.
ANF has provided Emergency Kits with subsistence items for the first days following the disaster and/or emergency: first aid kits with personal care products, cooking utensils, blankets, lamps, insect protection resources, among others. Cost of an emergency kit for a 4 member-family: $150